Hindu mythology is a vast and complex tapestry of stories, legends, and beliefs. One of the most intriguing and often misunderstood tales is the story of Krishna's marriage to 16,000 women. The question of why Krishna, a revered god and symbol of love and devotion, would take so many wives has been debated and discussed for centuries.

Unraveling the Layers of Meaning

To understand the significance of Krishna's multiple marriages, we must delve into the cultural, historical, and spiritual context of ancient India. In those times, marriage was not merely a union between two individuals but a complex social, economic, and political arrangement. Marriages were often arranged to form alliances, secure land and resources, and strengthen familial ties.

The Symbolism of 16,000

The number 16,000 itself holds symbolic meaning in Hindu mythology. It represents the 16,000 qualities of a complete and perfect human being. By marrying 16,000 women, Krishna is said to have embodied all these qualities, becoming the epitome of perfection and completeness.

Divine Love and Compassion

Krishna's marriages were also seen as a manifestation of his divine love and compassion. He is often depicted as a playful and amorous god, delighting in the company of women. His relationships with his wives were not based on physical desire alone but on a deeper connection of love, understanding, and spiritual devotion.

Uniting Diverse Communities

Another interpretation of Krishna's multiple marriages is that they were a way to unite diverse communities and cultures. Krishna was not only a god but also a social reformer and a peacemaker. By marrying women from different backgrounds and social strata, he broke down barriers and fostered harmony among different groups of people.

Preserving Dharma and Order

Some scholars argue that Krishna's marriages were a way to preserve dharma, or the righteous order of the universe. In ancient India, the institution of marriage was considered sacred, and it was believed that a man's duty was to protect and provide for his family. By marrying so many women, Krishna ensured that they were taken care of and protected, upholding the values of dharma.


The story of Krishna's marriage to 16,000 wives is a complex and multifaceted one, open to interpretation and debate. While the exact reasons behind these marriages may remain a mystery, they serve as a reminder of the richness and diversity of Hindu mythology. They also highlight the importance of love, devotion, and unity in a world often divided by differences.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Why did Krishna marry so many women?

Krishna's marriages are often interpreted as symbolic representations of his divine qualities, his love and compassion for all beings, his role as a peacemaker and uniter of diverse communities, and his commitment to preserving dharma, or the righteous order of the universe.

2. Were Krishna's marriages based on physical desire?

While physical attraction may have played a role, Krishna's relationships with his wives were seen as deeper spiritual connections, transcending mere physical desire.

3. How did Krishna manage to have so many wives?

The stories and legends surrounding Krishna's marriages are often infused with elements of the supernatural and the divine. Some accounts suggest that he manifested himself in multiple forms to be with each of his wives simultaneously.

4. What was the reaction of Krishna's wives to his multiple marriages?

The stories and legends do not delve deeply into the reactions of Krishna's wives to their unusual marital situation. However, some accounts suggest that they were devoted to him and saw their relationship with him as a divine blessing.

5. What is the significance of the number 16,000?

The number 16,000 is often used in Hindu mythology to represent the totality or completeness of something. In the context of Krishna's marriages, it is seen as a symbol of his embodiment of all the qualities of a perfect and complete human being.



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