WHY OPEN HEART SURGERY IS DONE
What is Open Heart Surgery?
Open heart surgery, also known as cardiac surgery, involves operating on the patient's heart while it is stopped and a heart-lung machine is used to circulate blood and oxygen throughout the body. Open heart surgery is a major operation that is performed to treat a variety of heart conditions, including:
- Congenital heart defects
- Coronary artery disease
- Heart valve disease
- Aortic aneurysm
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) is the most common type of open heart surgery. It is performed to treat coronary artery disease (CAD), which is a condition in which the arteries that supply blood to the heart become narrowed or blocked.
CABG involves grafting a healthy artery or vein from another part of the body onto the blocked coronary artery. This creates a new pathway for blood to flow to the heart.
Heart Valve Surgery
Heart valve surgery is performed to repair or replace a damaged or diseased heart valve. Heart valves are responsible for regulating the flow of blood through the heart.
There are four heart valves:
- Mitral valve
- Aortic valve
- Pulmonary valve
- Tricuspid valve
Any of these valves can be affected by a variety of conditions, including:
- Congenital heart defects
- Rheumatic fever
Aortic Aneurysm Repair
An aortic aneurysm is a bulge in the aorta, the largest artery in the body. Aortic aneurysms can be life-threatening if they rupture.
Aortic aneurysm repair involves replacing the damaged section of the aorta with a synthetic graft.
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Surgery
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a condition in which the heart muscle becomes thickened and enlarged. This can make it difficult for the heart to pump blood effectively.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy surgery involves removing a portion of the thickened heart muscle. This can help to improve the heart's function.
Open heart surgery is a major operation, but it can be life-saving for patients with a variety of heart conditions. The type of open heart surgery that is performed will depend on the patient's individual condition.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q1. What are the risks of open heart surgery?
A1. The risks of open heart surgery include bleeding, infection, stroke, heart attack, and kidney failure. The risk of complications depends on the patient's overall health and the type of surgery that is performed.
Q2. How long does it take to recover from open heart surgery?
A2. The recovery time from open heart surgery varies depending on the patient's overall health and the type of surgery that is performed. Most patients stay in the hospital for 5-7 days after surgery. It can take several months or even a year to fully recover from open heart surgery.
Q3. What are the long-term benefits of open heart surgery?
A3. The long-term benefits of open heart surgery include improved heart function, reduced symptoms, and an increased life expectancy.
Q4. Who is a candidate for open heart surgery?
A4. Open heart surgery is an option for patients with a variety of heart conditions, including congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart valve disease, aortic aneurysm, and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The decision of whether or not to have open heart surgery is made by the patient and their doctor.
Q5. What are the alternatives to open heart surgery?
A5. There are a number of alternative treatments for heart conditions that may be an option for patients who are not candidates for open heart surgery. These treatments include medication, angioplasty, and stenting.